A country of stunning beaches and endless history, Turkey is located where the three continents making up the world, Asia, Africa and Europe are closest to each other and straddles the point where Europe and Asia meet. Because of its geographical location, Turkey's mainland, Anatolia, has witnessed a mass migration of diverse peoples shaping the course of history. The home to countless civilisations, Anatolia has developed a unique synthesis of cultures, each with its own distinct identity, yet each linked to its predecessors through insoluble threads. As a ancient land and a modern nation; Turkey is both the inheritor and conservator of the common heritage of mankind.
Meanwhile Anatolia, where Eastern and Western civilisations meet, nourished the most ancient civilisations of the world. The Hattis were the oldest known people of Anatoli; dating back to 2.500 B.C. The Hittites, who entered Anatolia via the Caucasus montains, integrated with the Hattis and established the first social and political organisation in Anatolia. The Hurrians, Luwians, Urartians, Phyrigians, Lydians, Carians, Lycians, Ionians, and Byzantines all established great civilisations here. Eventually, Anatolia's final owners, the Turk's, created three great states on this soil.